Effective control of the red spider mite
Futurcrop - 23-02-2017
The red spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, is an acari that can affect almost any plant. It feeds on tissue and sap. And, as many producers know, it is capable of ending a crop in a very short time, for several reasons:
- It has a short life cycle, with 5 states
- High reproductive rate.
- The normal proportion of females and males in a standard population is 3: 1.
- Reproduction is usually sexual, but parthenogenetic reproduction can also occur.
- It is a mite is very polyphagous, which has a high detoxification capacity and also a high adaptation.
FuturCrop is a software with which you can receive notices of risk infestation and biological development of the red spider mite and other 179 pests that affects to crops.
- It will notify you of the moment in which it is convenient to carry out monitoring, because the program has calculated that the probability of development of the pest is high.
- The software will help you to make the application of the treatment knowing the state of development of the population of the red spider mite. In this way you can make the choice of the most appropriate product: ovicides, larvicides, adulticides.
- With FuturCrop you can plan the application at the moment of greater proportion of sensitive forms to the treatment.
- The most used method for its control is the use of agrochemicals. However, its excessive and indiscriminate use has caused current populations with resistance to more than 92 acaricide-active substances. For this reason, treatments with acaricides should always be done when living forms are observed, and not in a preventive way or by observing only symptoms.
Finally, we always make 3 recommendations for the control of any pest:
- Always use the recommended doses, to avoid the appearance of resistances or loss of effectiveness of the treatment.
- In successive applications, alternate substances with different modes of action.
- Respect parasites and natural predators.
The dynamics of the thrips population
Futurcrop - 04-01-2017
The dynamics of the thrips population can become uncontrollable, depending on factors such as temperature, reproductive capacity, variable number of generations, etc. A high percentage of treatments are carried out late, when the situation already has a difficult solution. To carry out an effective control it is necessary to have the ability to predict the moments of development of the pests. Because that way monitoring and treatments are efficient.
FuturCrop is a new software that does is worldwide. Try it free for 2 months and let the program control automatically the development of the pests that can damage your crops. You´ll receive warnings in your email. With effective treatments you will save costs.
Climate Change and Pest Control
Futurcrop - 11-11-2016
Increasing temperatures and high concentrations of carbon dioxide associated with climate change will have a substantial impact on the interactions between plants and pests, on integrated pest management (IPM) programs and on movements of pest species. A substantial increase in outbreaks of pests is expected, due to their rapid development in response to rising temperatures. Climate-induced changes present challenges for sustainable agricultural programs based on integrated pest management (IPM).
If world food production has to keep up with the growth of demand, we need new ways to produce, an adaptation of the programs in the IPM to the new challenges and the improvement of response times to new outbreaks of pests.
Rising of temperatures
Temperatures in most regions of the world are increasing, and there are already indications that pests and plants are responding to this change. These temperatures are not only the result of the hottest summer days, but also to a total less cold days and less frost in the northern areas. This can favor the development of fungi and pests in new areas, altering the interaction of the triangle of the disease (host - pathogen - environment), and therefore major problems in pest control and a general reductions in crop production.
Following these changes there are some challenges that must be planned:
- The expansion of pests. As, in general, pests are moving to the north.
- The appearance of pests in places very distant from those of origin.
- Changes in the ecosystems that will allow some pests to reach new and dramatic levels of population, while other species will be extinct.
Crop pest expansion
In the northern hemisphere migration of pest populations from southern countries is already being detected. One of the reasons for such expansions is a change in frost patterns. As temperatures increase, the frequency of frosts decreases , resulting in an increase in the duration and intensity of pests.
The increase in temperatures will allow agricultural producers to anticipate the planting of their crops. And these anticipated crops would be available for pests that infest them, allowing pest populations to grow even more quickly by adding additional generations. This means that many pests will suffer significant population increases at the end of the corresponding season.
New pests due to the alteration of ecosystems
Warmer temperatures will benefit some species of pests over others. Some insects that could act as predators or parasites could disapear, leading to an increase in crops damage, that would probably result in an increase in the pesticide applications.
Integrated Pest Management and Climate Change
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is the most widely used strategy for pest control. This approach generally integrates biological controls (predators, parasites and pathogens), chemical controls (pesticides) and cultural controls (such as resistant crop varieties and sowing times), to reduce pests below the population threshold that will cause economic losses . Most researchers and producers try to design IPM programs that maximize economic returns and sustainability, while minimizing potential environmental impacts. However, because the development of the insect is faster at higher temperatures, populations develop more rapidly and, therefore, damage to crops occurs earlier than expected, forcing the adaptation of insect-based treatment thresholds
IPM programs that are based on phenological models that correlate temperature and pests biological development, FuturCrop is an IT that do this, can be the solution to anticipate the events of pests and to respond to these pattern changes, originated by climate change. There are Reports detailing that the temperature increases that have occurred nowadays can greatly reduce the effectiveness of parasites / pest predators. For example, the differences between the thermal tolerances of the host and its parasitoids can lead to temporary or geographic separation between them. This could happen, for example, with the fly Drosophila Simulans, which is a suitable host for the wasp Leptopilina heterotoma at temperatures between 18 ° C and 22 ° C, but becomes a poor host at 26 ° C.
It must also be borne in mind that the increase in temperatures will favor pests with short reproductive cycles and multiple annual generations. Due to their rate of development at higher temperatures, these species could add even more generations and thus potentially reach a much larger population at the end of the season. The maximum effect can be expected in those regions where rising temperatures completely eliminate frost, allowing this type of plague to reproduce throughout the year. This will allow a variety of new tropical and subtropical pests that will expand in area such as Europe The effects of these changes on the diversity of natural and agricultural ecosystems are likely to be profound.
In this context, the management actions for the control of pests and diseases that we detail below, acquire a relevant importance.
- Constant crops monitoring, for early detecting the presence of pests and incidence of disease. Or automated control of the conditions that favours the development of pest and diseases. This is FuturCrop strategy.
- Identify the life cycles of pests and diseases, to carry out phytosanitary applications, with the aim of breaking these life cycles. Also FuturCrop show the specific dates for pests biologica development.
- Perform integrated pest management practices that allows the conservation or maintenance of beneficial insect populations.
- Carry out drainage channels, and control weeds to avoid an increase in the relative humidity of the crop.
- Crops agrobiodiversity allows beneficial insects or fungi to occur that reduce the pest population
- Manage an adequate sowing density, which favors microclimate conditions in the crop
- Do limit the entry or dispersion of new pests to crop, through barriers
FuturCrop improves the monitoring of pests and the effectiveness of treatments
Futurcrop - 02-11-2016
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that global agricultural production loses approximately 40% due to pests and diseases. The economic value of these losses was in 2016 approximately USD 40,000,000,000. Controlling these losses can not depend exclusively on the application of chemical insecticides, whose agricultural expenditure amounted to USD 59,000,000 in the same year. The agriculture of the future will be conditioned by sustainability, producing more and better, without increasing the resources of land and water and, above all, minimizing its environmental impact, obtaining food with a minimum of chemical residues in food.
Agriculture needs new technological developments that facilitate decision-making in the consumption of agricultural inputs. Currently, the needs of water or fertilizers are being controlled by sensors. But there were no new technologies that would provide adequate information to optimize an Integrated Pest Management.
FuturCrop is a software that has been developed to optimize sampling times and reduce the necessary treatments (both phytosanitary and biological) to the necessary and efficient.
Farmers need to visit the field to check and control the condition of the crops and carry out sampling. FuturCrop informs about the appropriate moments to carry out samplings in the crops, because it sends alerts of the change in the biological development of the pests. In this way the moment of appearance is controlled, or if its biological cycle is accelerated.
It is important to have a prior knowledge of what is necessary to monitor, since the pests have different habits according to their development phase, they differ in their distribution in the crop, as well as the places where they are found.
Technology in the management of agricultural, forestry and ornamental pests
Admin Futurcrop - 10-10-2016
Since the 70s of the last century there has been an emphasis on the need for rational use of phytosanitary products by producers and the eradication of repeated treatments by calendar. The appearance of computer science in the 80s allowed the development of the first phenological models applied to the management of pests. At present, with the development of new technologies applied to the agrarian world, applications are being developed that model the phenological development of crops, pests and potential. These advances provide a new source of information in agricultural pest management decision making.
Futurcrop has been born with the intention of putting at the service of the agricultural producer, located in any part of the world, automatically and without installation of climatological stations nor sensors, the phenological models of development of 173 pests that cause economic damage to crops. Based on the location of the crops, it assigns a reference climate station and provides forecasts of the biological evolution of pests 10 days in advance. The calculations made indicate the evolution of the life cycles of the selected species, allowing producers and technicians to guide the sampling according to the pests development, while generating information on the moments of risk, in order to establish the appropriate phytosanitary meassures at the right moment.
The system also records catches, levels of damage and phytosanitary treatments carried out, being able in turn to consult the historical records of evolution and treatments, as well as the generation of a sustainable management report.