Blog

Online pest identification tool, by type of crop damage.

Online pest identification tool, by type of crop damage.

Futurcrop - 11-05-2020

The early identification of the pest makes its control easier and more effective. Inappropriate control actions cost time and money, and can create unnecessary risks for people or the environment. FuturCrop, software that facilitates efficient monitoring and treatment of 179 pests, has developed a free pest identification online tool. https://futurcrop.com//en/home/plagueDamageCalculator Related postsReal time pest and vegetable diseases prediction modelsIdentification of lepidopteran larvae of agricultural importanceFuturCrop improves the monitoring of pests and the effectiveness of treatments 
Read more
Measures to control whiteflies

Measures to control whiteflies

Admin Futurcrop - 03-02-2020

Insect pests cannot regulate their own temperature and depend on the outside temperature to start or end their biological development. This feature allows calculations to determine the appropriate time to perform control treatments. The greenhouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) develops within the temperature range of 16 ° and 27 ° C.  Below 16º C and above 27º C the size of the whitefly population decreases, due to high mortality and limited reproduction. Temperature influences pests in different ways, depending on their state of development and even on sex. Females live twice as much as males at temperatures above 15º C. Trialeurodes vaporariorum completes its development from egg to adult at all temperatures between 15 ° 28 ° C, but not in the range of 10 ° and 32 ° C Experiments verified that the lower temperature thresholds for the immature stages are 9.45ºC (egg), 6.26ºC (nymph) and 10.64ºC (pupa). For the three immature stages, the lowest mortality occurs at 25ºC (1%) and the highest at 28ºC (30.23%). And 93-96% survival of all immature stages occurs in the optimum temperature range of 20 ° and 25 ° C. We know that with a constant temperature of 15º C, the total development of the whitefly is 46.71 days. If agriculture were to develop under constant temperature conditions, we could easily carry out programmed effective insecticide applications. But with a constant temperature o...
Read more
Global warming, agricultural pests and the productivity of agriculture

Global warming, agricultural pests and the productivity of agriculture

Futurcrop - 29-01-2020

It is estimated that agriculture must necessarily increase its productive  by 60%, to feed an estimated population of 9,100 million people in 2050. Although world crop yield would continue to grow, growth rate will be slower than in the past, approximately half (0.8%) of its historical growth rate for developing countries. In addition, FAO estimates a yearly yield crop global loss from 20% to 40% due to pests and diseases. Therefore, reducing food losses caused by crop pests and diseases is of great importance to meet the future food needs of the world.   But the global warming will mean an increase in crop pest problems, an increase in crop losses and a decrease in their quality and yield. If CO2 emissions are not reduced, the predictions for 2050 mean a global increase in temperatures from 2 ° to 3 ° C.   Insect pests are poikilothermic organisms, that is, they cannot regulate their own temperature internally, depending on the temperature at which they are exposed in the environment to start or end the biological development of their life cycle. The global increase in temperatures means that a greater abundance of pests will occur and that the difficulty in controlling pests in agricultural systems will increase. On the one hand, new geographical areas will be affected by new pests, from the expansion of the range of native pests or invasion by new pests. On the other hand, there will be an accelerated development of pests that will lead to more gene...
Read more
Pest control efficiency in Agriculture

Pest control efficiency in Agriculture

Futurcrop - 04-11-2019

An efficient treatment of Anarsia lineatella it must be carried out after the hatching of the eggs, when the majority of larvae have already left, but before they pierce the buds or shoots of fruit trees, as then insecticides no longer reach the pest.   Tuta absoluta larvae           Spodoptera frugiperda larvae       Each pest has its most vulnerable moment, when they are most sensitive to treatments. However, it is difficult to know and predict those moments. That is the main than pest control treatments, chemical or biological, are usually carried out by calendar dates or by the evidence of the damage in crops. The problem is that generally in the first case these treatments were either not necessary or have no effect. Or, in the second case, if the treatments are performed when the damage to the crop is already evident, they are usually late and the pest is already difficult to control. Consequently, the reality of current agriculture is that most of the treatments are carried out even if not necessary, or an excessive quantity of chemical insecticides are being applied.   The indiscriminate and repeated use of insecticides for pest control has no effect: it means a waste of money and in most cases the problem of pests is aggravated.   If a producer intends to control the pest in its first generation larvae stage of the pest, but carry out an chemical treatment too soon, it will have decreased th...
Read more
Potential effects of climate change of insect pest dynamics

Potential effects of climate change of insect pest dynamics

Futurcrop - 12-07-2019

            POTENTIAL EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON INSECT PEST DYNAMICS Sikha Deka1*, Sharmistha Barthakur1 and Renu Pandey2   1National Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology, Pusa Campus, New Delhi 110012 2Division of Plant Physiology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110012   INTRODUCTION Climate change is the most important, and the most complex, global environmental issue to-date.  Effects of green house gases and climatic changes are already evident from the rising climatic temperature, recurrent droughts, erratic rains, flooding and submergence etc. Global climate is expected to  warm 1.4 to 5.8oC over the century with the maximum increase at Northern Latitude (Meehl, 2007). Such changes may have serious impacts on global crop productivity and agricultural production leading to famine and starvation.  A recent study predicts that crop harvest will decline by more than 30% in Indian subcontinent by 2050 (Rao, 1999).   Climatic factors like temperature and  precipitation in particular, have a very strong influence on the development, reproduction and survival of insect  pests and pathogens. Researchers found that the numbers of leaf eating insects are likely to surge as a result of rising levels of  CO2, at a time when crop production will have to be boosted to feed an extra three billion people living at the end of 21st century  (Connor, 2008). It is predicted that some...
Read more
How the application of insecticides has created problems where there were not

How the application of insecticides has created problems where there were not

Futurcrop - 16-05-2019

Several factors (monoculture, climate change, etc.), have influenced the uncontrolled development of pest populations in crops, but mainly the inadequate use of chemical insecticides has affected the natural balance between pests and their predators and parasitoids. General spectrum insecticides indiscriminately kill pests and their predators, both kill the pests that cause damage to crops and their natural enemies.   Red spiders mites (Tetranychus urticae), now a widespread pest in crops around the world, were never a serious pest in agriculture. The populations of the red spider mites were regulated by their natural predators, mainly by the predatory mites of the phytoseid family (although also other families such as some dipterans and coleoptera). But it has been human intervention that has broken that natural balance, through the indiscriminate and systematic use of synthetic organic pesticides since the second half of the 20th century. Twenty years later, populations of mites of the family Tetranychidae, such as the spider mite, are pests that can be very destructive in the agricultural sector.   The obscure mealybug (Pseudococcus viburni) usually do not constitute great damage in crops due to the control exercised over their population by their natural enemies, parasitoids and predators (the families of chrysopids, hemeropods, diptera and coccinellids). However, when the natural enemies of the insect are destroyed by the application of insecticides, the mealyb...
Read more
Real time pest and vegetable diseases prediction models

Real time pest and vegetable diseases prediction models

Futurcrop - 16-04-2019

Currently, pest management techniques have changed drastically due to the following circumstances: Global Warming, which influence in  a greater presence of pests throughout the year, in shorter biological cycles, and in the displacement of pests to areas where the climate previously prevented their development. Transnational trade transports pests to new areas, now with temperatures where they can develop, and where they have no natural enemies to control them. These transboundary pests cause serious damage to crops because in general they are not properly identified and there is no habitual knowledge about their management and control. The current and predominant agricultural production system, that uses chemical insecticides repeatedly, usually causes the development of pest resistance to insecticides. Chemical treatments are usually carried out without considering the stage of development of the pest, nor the conditions of the crop and in many cases without  a real risk. Chemical treatments of a preventive nature are simply carried out, and according to calendar dates. Unnecessary applications imply unnecessary contamination, to the environment and to the crops themselves. Current legislation tends to demand the sustainable use of phytosanitary products, by reducing their risks and their effects on human health and the environment. The same legislation encourages the use of integrated pest management techniques, and alternative approaches or techniques to chemi...
Read more
How to stimulate biodiversity and the biological control of pests

How to stimulate biodiversity and the biological control of pests

Futurcrop - 18-02-2019

The effect of chemical insecticides against pests, and also against  their natural predators, and the simplification of the agricultural landscape, indiscriminately eliminating weeds, the native flora and shrub as a reservoir of useful fauna, are some of the main causes of the problem of the current proliferation of pests in the Agriculture. Agriculture considered as an industrial process of food production, which increases production at the lowest cost and accelerates processes through chemical products, has caused serious environmental problems for years. Among other things, this production system favors the cleaning of fields of bushes, hedges, trees and shrubs. But this practice supposes the reduction of biodiversity in the agricultural landscapes and the elimination of the proper habitats of the native species of predators and parasites of plagues, and causes therefore a greater vulnerability of the crops to pests and diseases.   This intensification in agricultural production creates a high pressure of pests and diseases on crops, which is usually controlled with chemicals insecticides. However, numerous investigations show that the indiscriminate use of agricultural insecticides causes damage to the environment, to the farmer´s health, and to the consumer himself through chemical residues in the crops. Knowing the damages that these products can cause, the usual practice of the systematic use of phytosanitary products in agriculture is justified...
Read more
Climatic Change and pest prevention technologies

Climatic Change and pest prevention technologies

Futurcrop - 26-11-2018

The increase of temperatures due to climate change, can modificate the biological cycle of pests, varying the usual seasons of attacks and favoring short reproductive cycles and therefore multiple generations. This new situation requires agricultural producers to use technologies that automatically control the biological development of pest in orther to have greater control over their crops. Systems such as FuturCrop acquire timely relevance and become an important tool in integrated pest management. But how the system works?   Temperature controls the rate of development of many organisms. Plants, insects or nematodes, require a certain amount of heat to change their bilogical stage. Pattern recognition systems can identify, based on climatic conditions, the development life cycle of insects and predict the next point in their life cycle. Each species has its own pattern of development and each stage of development differs for each organism. When determining the point of the following life cycle, it allows us to decide, thus obtaining the moment of greatest vulnerability of the pest obtaining the maximum effectiveness of our pest management actions.   Pest development pattern recognition systems are based on mathematical algorithms developed over the years at Research Institues and Universities. The software´s  hability for interpreting and continuously learning from the obtained results, adapting them to the specific climatological variables of each zon...
Read more
The Green Revolution, or Third Agricultural Revolution

The Green Revolution, or Third Agricultural Revolution

Futurcrop - 21-08-2018

It is constantly repeated that at present the problem of hunger in the world is not a problem of food production, but of distribution of the calories produced. And this validates a agricultural production system that predominates since the 50s, that premium at any cost the productivity per hectare. And it is true that globally agricultural production has increased the yield per acreage.   This model of intensive agricultural production was a revolution in the 50s and was the result, among others, of the work of a distinguished agronomist, geneticist and North American phytopathologist named Norman Ernest Borlaug. The different techniques that promoted the increase in agricultural productivity was called The Green Revolution, also Third Agricultural Revolution, and was based mainly on the use of varieties of high-yielding seeds, cultivated in large areas (monoculture), and the use of large amounts of fertilizers, phytoregulators and pesticides. It was all about adapting, through chemical and mechanical technology, Nature to the human needs of food production. It was the beginning of the process of industrialization in agricultural production. Borlaug is considered by many the father of modern agriculture, and in 1970 received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in the eradication of hunger and malnutrition in developed countries. Also this type of agriculture made possible the internationalization of agricultural marketing.   With funding from the Rockefeller Found...
Read more

Subscribe to our newsletter

Subscribe to our newsletter to stay up to date with all Futurcrop news and take advantage of the offers

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!